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— Covid-19 Impacts Have Retailers Increasingly Seeking Bankruptcy Protection

 

The increasing number of major brand name retailers taking the bankruptcy route in the U.S., caught our attention last month.   We’ve started tracking some of the big names we all know so well, and how they’re doing during this Covid-19 / novel coronavirus pandemic.

 

For our own perspective, we’re headed back to also review the 2019 bankruptcy class.   Never a more challenging time for bricks-and-mortar retailing.   And the evolving story of the civil unrest following George Floyd’s alleged murder, remains to be seen.

 

We started this list intending to focus on retailers only, but we’ve started to also add major restaurant operators.   Challenges abound in the food and beverage industry, as well.

 

 

RetailerSummary StatusBankruptcy Filing DateBankruptcy Year
24 Hour FitnessThe company plans to restructure, anticipates store closing, and expects to re-open a portion of its operated units. June 14, 20202020
A'gaciThe retailer's second BK filing in consecutive years. Appears to be going online.August 20192019
A.C. MooreThis arts and crafts chain with more than 145 stores, is shutting down permanently in 2020.Permanent Closure2020
Advantage Rent A CarThis is the company's 3rd BK filing, the most recent prior filing was in 2018.May 20202020
AerosolesFootwear retailer.September 20172017
AldoThe UK arm of this Canadian retailer is placed into administration in the UK, in June. The Irish unit of Aldo is already in administration.May 20202020
American ApparelNovember 20162016
Anchor BlueShuttered in 2011, after two bankruptcy filings20112011
Apex ParksOwns and operates 14 family entertainment and water parks in New Jersey, California, and Florida; files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Major investors in the company include Carlyle Group. The company intends to to be acquired by a lender group led by Cerberus Capital Management LP. April 8, 20202020
Art Fashion Group Chapter 7 filing for U.S. arm of Roberto Cavalli, Luxury fashion brand. The parent company sold to Dubai developer Hussain Sajwani in November 2019.April 20192019
Art Van FurnitureThe company is closing all of its company-owned stores, and is now in bankruptcy protection.March 9, 20202020
Ascena Retail GroupParent company to Lane Bryant, Justice, Ann Taylor and Dress Barn,Watch List 2020
AT&TThe cellular service provides will shutter 250 of its AT&T and Cricket Wireless shops.Watch List2020
Authentic Brands GroupBrand management group; per the company's website is involved with 50+ brands.
AvenuePlus-size clothing brand for women.August 20192019
BarFly VenturesParent company to HopCat brewpubs.June 3, 20202020
Barneys New YorkBarneys actually filed before the 2020 crisis, but such a major brand being in difficulty is worth remembering. The iconic department store's closed its doors for good on February 23, 2020. The Barneys' name may live in as licensed (branded) merchandise at Saks Fifth Avenue stores Authentic Brands Group purchased Barney's in 2019 and is the licensor of the Barneys' brand.August 20192019
BCBGWomen's Apparel. The company and its I/P was acquired by Marquee Brands and Global Brands Group Holding Ltd.February 20172017
BealesThe UK department store chain had its start in 1881.20192019
Beauty BrandsJanuary 20192019
Bed Bath & BeyondThe company plans almost 300 (of 1,500) store closings in 2020 and beyond, seeking to avoid bankruptcy.Watch List2020
Bertram BooksUK book wholesaler, went into administration in June 2020. The UK bookseller had started business in 1968 in a chicken shed. Based in Norwich.June 20202020
Bluestem BrandsApparel and electronics retailer. With its BK filing the company announced its sale to Cerberus Capital Management LP. The retailer owns brands including Appleseed’s, Blair, Draper’s & Damon’s, and Fingerhut.March 20202020
Bon-TonDepartment stores.20182018
BoseThe audio equipment retailer plans to close all 199 stores including those in North America, Europe, Japan and Australia.2020
Brooks BrothersSparc Group, a venture backed by Simon Property Group and Authentic Brands Group, seeks approval to purchase the store brand at a hearing on August 14.

Brooks Brothers was first established in 1818.
July 20202020
BrookstoneSpecialty retailer chain.August 20182018
California Pizza KitchenFast casual restaurant chain founded in 1985.July 20202020
CBL & AssociatesMall REIT; in early August 2020 said to be preparing a Chapter 11 filing.Watch List2020
CEC EntertainmentParent company of Chuck E. Cheese restaurants files for bankruptcy, intends to keep operating.
The company is owned by equity firm Apollo Global Management.
June 24, 20202020
Centric BrandsCentric designs and manufactures for brands including Under Armour, Calvin Klein, and Tommy Hilfiger. May 20202020
Charlotte RusseFebruary 20192019
Charming CharlieStores shuttered and its I/P has been sold. Relaunch planned for 2020.July 20192019
Chico'sThe retailer may close as many as 250 stores in 2020. Also operates Soma and White House Black Market stores. According to the retailer, Chico's service "the lifestyle needs of fashion-savvy women 30 years and older,"Watch List2020
Children's Place, TheIn June 2020, The Children's Place announced it would be closing 300 of its 920 stores in North America. In 2019 the retailer paid $7.6 million for rights associated with the Gymboree and Crazy 8 brands.2020
Christopher & BanksThe plan is to close 30 to 40 stores by the end of 2020. Watch List2020
Cirque du SoleilCirque du Soleil Entertainment Group files for bankruptcy protection in Canada. More than 3,500 employees will be layed off with just over 200 core employees remaining. Not exactly a retailer but we thought we'd mention it here.June 29, 20202020
Claire'sTeen accessories retailer.March 20182018
CMX CinemasA chain of dine-in cinemas.April 25, 20202020
CVS PharmacyThe company is in the process of shuttering its under-performing stores.2020
David's BridalBridal apparel retailer.November 20182018
Dean & DelucaNew York City-based gourmet foods retailer.March 31, 20202020
Delia'sAfter shuttering, has been licensed by online fashion company Dolls Kill since 2018.20142014
Desigual USA (“DUSA”)U.S. unit of Spanish retailer Desigual.July 28, 20202020
Destination MaternityParent company to several retail brands. This retailer filed in late 2019, preceding the Coronavirus by a few months. The retailer also operates Motherhood Maternity and A Pea in the PodOctober, 20192019
Dick's Sporting GoodsIn late July, Bloomberg reported that the retailer was preparing a filing.Watch List2020
DieselFiled due to increasing losses at its 28 U..S. stores.March 20192019
Earth FareThe organic grocery store chain plans to close all stores. First established in 1975, but changed to its present name from "Dinner for the Earth" in 1993.February 4, 20202020
ExpressBy 2022, the retailer plans to close 100 stores, about a quarter of its total units.2020
FairwayIn January announced that it was shuttering five of 14 locations.January 23, 20202020
FoodFirst Global Holdings Operater of Bravo Italian Mediterranean and Brio Italian Mediterranean restaurant chains. Recently closed 71 of 92 location. Closed 71 of 92 remaining restaurants.April, 20202020
Forever 21The brand was known as the king of "fast fashion." Authentic Brands Group acquired the retailer out of bankruptcy. At the time of filing for bankruptcy protection in September 2019, Forever 21 was operating in 40 countries and almost 350 stores. In June 2020, Authentic Brands Group announced an expansion deal for Mexico with IB Group.September, 20192019
Frank And OakE-commerce retail company turned brick-and-mortar, files for protection under Canada’s Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act. Modasuite Inc. is the company's legal name.June, 20202020
Fred'sThe Southern discount retail and pharmacy chain.September 20192019
Frederick’s of HollywoodLingerie retailer.April 20152015
French ConnectionThe French retailer indicates it requires a cash injection in a matter of months. Also owns the Great Plains brand. Founded in 1972.Watch List2020
FTDFlower and gift delivery specialist. In August 2019, FTD North America sold for $110 million to Nexus Capital Management.

June 20192019
FullBeauty BrandsPlus-sized women’s clothing.February 20192019
G-III Apparel GroupG-III is shuttering its Wilsons Leather shops as well as its 89 G.H. Bass shoe and clothing stores. The company intends to focus on its five global power brands: DKNY, Donna Karan, Calvin Klein, Tommy Hilfiger and Karl Lagerfeld.
G-Star RawFiles for Chapter 11, could not secure rent concessions for its more than 30 operated stores.June 20202020
GameStopThe retailer is considered at risk by industry analysts, and may close as many as 320 stores in 2020. The chain is "de-densifying" its footprint of stores.Watch List2020
Gander MountainOutdoor recreation retailer. Camping World acquired the company for $37 million at auction.March 20172017
GapThe retailer anticipates closing as many as 230 store closings this year, in a bid to avoid becoming another retailer bankruptcy. Watch List2020
Garden Fresh RestaurantsFiled Chapter 7; no intent to re-open.
Owner of Souplantation and Sweet Tomatoes buffet restaurants.
May 20202020
GNC Holdings, Inc.The retailer plans to close anywhere from 800 to 1,200 stores, due to the Pandemic but also due to consumers increasingly option for online buys versus in-store purchases.June 242020
Go OutdoorsUK company, entered into administration in June. A JD Sports company.June 20202020
Gold's GymThe company owns and operates more than 700 gyms in the U.S. and elsewhere;
files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on May 4.
May 4, 20202020
GordmansDiscount department store.March 20172017
Grupo Famsa SAMexican retailer filed for bankruptcy, a furniture and appliance dealer with stores in the U.S. and Mexico.June 25, 20202020
GuessThe company plans to close 100 stores in the U.S. and China2020
Gump'sDepartment store.August 20182018
GymboreeThe company's 2nd bankruptcy. Goldman Sachs as re-engineered what was a retailer into a tech venture.January 20192019
HallmarkStore closures are planned in 2020.2020
HertzFiles for bankruptcy protection on May 22, included here as a retailer bankruptcy although its services is more of an at-retail type - not quite the traditional retailer.May 22, 20202020
Hillshire Brands CompanyAcquired by Tyson Foods Inc in 2014. Formerly the Sara Lee Corporation.2014
Hollander Sleep ProductsBedding and related accessories. The company was sold in August 2019 to Bedding Acquisition LLC, for $102 million.May 20192019
Innovative Mattress SolutionsJanuary 20192019
Intu Properties plcIntu "enters into administration." after seeking a standstill agreement with creditors regarding its debt repayment. Intu is the largest mall owner in the UK. June 26, 20202020
J. Crew GroupThe company also owns Madewell, a women’s clothing and accessory brand.May 4, 20202020
J. HilburnMay 4, 20202020
JCPenneyPenney announced that it would permanently close 242 stores in 2020 and 2021 as it filed for bankruptcy protection.May 15, 20202020
John VarvatosLuxury menswear, at one time carried by Nordstrom. Majority owner is Lion Capital.May 20202020
Kohlberg & CompanyPrivate equity firm founded by Jerome Kohlberg, Jr.
L BrandsDuring 2020, the company plans to close 238 Victoria's Secrets stores (out of 1,000) in the U.S., and Canada, as well as 50 Bath & Body Works stores.2020
Lakeland Tours LLCStudent travel company Lakeland Tours filed for Chapter 11 on July 20, 2020. Once of the company's dba's is Worldstrides. Not a retailer but interesting to us as the company's COVID affects impact retail and restaurant sales in major destination cities.July 20, 20202020
Laura AshleyUK fashion retailer is placed in administration in March, some operations expected to continue.March 20202020
Le Pain QuotidienFrench-inspired bakery and café chain. A sale to Aurify Brands is pending.May 27, 20202020
Lee LonglandsThe UK retailer entered into administration in June. The furniture retailer opened for business in 1902. HQ'd in Birmingham.June 20202020
Lord & Taylor The company intends to file for bankruptcy in 2020.Watch List2020
Lucky's MarketThe regional grocer plans to close most stores in early 2020.January 27, 20202020
Macy'sThe company plans to operate at greater efficiency and profit through fewer bricks-and-mortar stores, and plans to close perhaps 125 stores over the next three years.2020
Marquee BrandsBrand management group.
Microsoft StoresNot a Chapter 11 filing, but Microsoft has announced it is shuttering all of its physical stores. Four high-profile Microsoft stores — on Fifth Ave., Oxford Circus (London), Westfield Sydney, and in Redmond, Washington will become "Microsoft Experience Centers" where customers can experience product, demos, explore device bars, and learn about technology. June, 20202020
Modell's Sporting GoodsWith its March bankruptcy filing, the retailer indicated that it intended close all of its 153 stores.March 11, 20202020
Monsoon AccessorizeJune 20202020
Muji USAThe U.S. affiliate of Japanese home goods chain, Muji U.S.A. Ltd., filed for Chapter 11 protection.July 13, 20202020
National Stores Inc.Discount retailer for apparel, accessories, shoes and household items.August 20182018
Neiman MarcusChapter 11 bankruptcy filing. Most of the retailer's Last Call (off-price) stores will be shuttered.May 7, 20202020
New York & CompanyJuly 13, 20202020
Nine West Holdings Inc.April 20182018
Noah's Event VenueThe Company closed its doors permanently in February 2020. Founded in 2003, Noah's Event Venue was an event venue for weddings, corporate functions, and special occasions. At their peak the company had over 39 locations across the U.S.May, 20192019
NordstromThe department store chain has announced the permanent closure of 19 stores.Watch List2020
NPC InternationalLargest Pizza Hut franchisee, along with Wendy's units.July 20202020
Office DepotThe office supply and equipment retailer will close about 90 stores by year-end 2021. Some 55 stores have already closed over the past year or so. Per a May 15 article, the retailer may cut 13,100 jobs by 2023. The retailer also owns OfficeMax. The company rolled out same-day delivery services, provided by Shipt.2020
Olympia SportsThe regional sporting goods retailer has been purchased by JackRabbit, and the plan is to close 76 Olympia stores. 2020
Orchard Supply HardwareClosed by Lowe's Cos. in 2018 following a 2013 acquisition out of OSH's bankruptcy. OSH was first established in 1931.20132018
PaylessThe company headed back in bankruptcy protecting after emerging from prior filing in 2017.February 20192019
PerfumaniaAugust 20172017
Pier 1 ImportsSince the February 17 filing, Pier 1 has filed a motion to close all of its stores nationwide (5/19/2020). First established, 1962.February 17, 20202020
QuicksilverSurfwear apparel.September 20152015
QuizFashion group HQ'd in Glasgow (Scotland). Entered into administration in June.June 20202020
RadioShackElectronics retailer.March 20172017
Remington OutdoorFirearms manufacturer.March 20182018
RockportFollowing its BK filing, the retailer was acquired by Charlesbank Capital Partners for a reported $150 million.May 20182018
Roots USAChapter 7 filing. Based in Toronto.April 20202020
RTW RetailwindsParent company of New York & Co. and Fashion to Figure, will close a significant portion or all of its stores. In early August 2020 RTW sold its e-commerce businesses to Sunrise Brands LLC.July 20202020
Rubie's Costume CompanyRubie’s files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on April 30; claims to be the world’s largest designer and manufacturer of Halloween costumes.April 30, 20202020
Rue21May 20172017
Schurman Retail Group (SRG)Parent company to Papyrus stores, has announced all stores will be closed. This BK looks due to reasons other than Covid-19.January 24, 20202020
Sears HoldingSears parent company Transform Holdco will operate just 182 stores after more slated store closings. The parent company also plans Kmart store closings.20182018
Sequential Brands Group, Inc. Brand management group.
ShopkoJanuary 20192019
Signet JewelersThe multi-concept operator which operates Kay Jewelers, Zales, Jared, and H. Samuel, plans to close 380 stores by year-end 2020.2020
Sonia RykielFrench brand, filed for BK in the U.S. and France.April 20192019
SpicersThis UK office supplies wholesaler operating since 1985, has been liquidated.April 20202020
Sports AuthorityAcquired by Dick's Sporting Goods.20162016
Sports ChaletShuttered after filing bankruptcy, concluded store closings, and joined the list of retailer bankruptcies.20162016
Stage StoresStage intends to shutter all of its more than 800 regional discount department stores under several brands: Bealls, Goody's, Palais Royal, Gordman's and others. Chapter 11 filed on May 10. The history of Stage Stores dates to the 1920's when two of its chains, Bealls and Palais Royal, were founded as family-owned businesses.May 10, 20202020
Steamer TradingThis UK kitchen items store entered into administration in January. January 20202020
Stein MartFiled in Florida. The company has launched a store closing and liquidation process.August 12, 20202020
Styles for LessTeen apparel chain.November 20172017
SugarfinaLuxury candy / confections geared toward millennial adults.September 20192019
Sur la Table8/2020 - sold for nearly $89 million to a joint venture between e-commerce investment firm CSC Generation and Marquee Brands LLC. Sur la Table was first established at Pike Place Market in 1972. As part of its bankruptcy reorganization the retailer intends to shutter about one-half of its stores.July, 20202020
Sustainable Restaurant HoldingsParent company for seafood chains Bamboo Sushi and QuickFish. Is searching for a buyer.May 12, 20202020
Tailored BrandsParent company for Men's Wearhouse, Jos. A. Bank and K&G brands.Watch List2020
The LimitedWomen's apparel. The company and its I/P were acquired by Sycamore Partners.January 20172017
The Walking CompanyFootwear retailer.March 20182018
Things RememberedLargely a result of online competition in its product class.February 20192019
TooJay'sThe company accepted a PPP Loan so it appears it intends to continue to operate.April 20202020
Toys “R” UsNow owned by Tru Kids, Inc., operating primarily outside the U.S. First established by Charles Lazarus, in 1948.September 18, 2017 (U.S.)2017
True Religion Apparel Inc.TR files for bankruptcy on April 13. The company also filed for bankruptcy in 2017.April 13, 20202020
Tuesday MorningDeep-discount home wares retailer; operates in 39 states. The retailer plans to shut down around 230 of its nearly 700 locations during the summer of 2020.May 27, 20202020
VapianoGerman chain of Italian fast casual restaurants; operated six units in the U.S.April 20202020
Vitamin WorldVitamin retailer.September 20172017
WalgreensThe drugstore chain started downsizing in 2019, intending to close about 200 stores (out of 9,600) in the U.S.Watch List2020
Wet SealTeen apparel. Acquired by Gordon Brothers for $3 million in March 2017.February 20172017
WHP GlobalBrand management group helmed by Yehuda Shmidman.
Xcel Brands, Inc.Brand management group founded by Robert W. D’Loren in 2011.2011
Z GallerieAnother of the 2019 bankruptcy class, we included due to fond memories of this brand among the roster of so many destination retail centers.March 20192019
ZaraIn June 2020, Inditex announced that it will close as many as 1,200 Zara stores over the next two years.Watch List2020

Retail Tenant Store and Financial Difficulty Tracking, 2020

StoneCreek Partners, Retailer Database - Major Retailer Bankruptcies due to Covad-19 and other industry issues.

 

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